9, Arera Hills, Central Bank of India,
    Zonal Office, Bhopal

    1800 233 4035
    smslbc@centralbank.co.in

    Introduction

    Madhya Pradesh, with its large area, enjoys diverse climatic and soil conditions suitable for a broad range of agricultural products. Agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh forms the backbone of its economy. It contributes almost one-fourth of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) and is the main source of employment for over 65 percent of the population and constitutes about 60- 75 percent of the rural income.

    The state is a large producer of soybean and wheat. Sharbati variety of famous wheat is grown in Sehore, Vidisha and Ashok Nagar districts, and in some parts of Bhopal and Hoshangabad.Madhya Pradesh leads in the production of gram, linseed, green pea, garlic and coriander. The state is also a major producer of linseed, mustard, sunflower and safflower. Agro-climatic diversity and topographical variations enable the state to grow a wide range of cereals, pulses, oilseeds and cash crops, besides being home to myriad varieties of plant species, both in forest areas and outside. Various tropical fruits and vegetables and spices like coriander, chili and garlic are also widely grown. Areas under cultivation of safflower and sunflower are also expanding.

    StatisticsAs per 2011 Census

    No. of cultivators (In lakh). 98.44
    Of the above, Small/Marginal Farmers (In Lakh). 63.40
    Gross Cropped Area 2015-16 (lakh Hectare). 2.38
    No. of Land Holdings (In thousand). 8873
    Average size of land holdings (Hectare) 1.78.
    Particulars Area in Thousand Hectares (2014-15)
    Madhya Pradesh All India
    Gross Sown Area 23810 198360
    Net Sown Area 15351 140130
    Gross Irrigated Area 10301 96457
    Cropping Intensity 155.1 141.6
    Cropping Intensity 155.1 141.6
    Area of Food grains 2015-16
    Rice 2024.0 43499.2
    Wheat 5911.0 30417.8
    Total Food grains 15658.0 123217.4

    Source:Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.

    Crop 2015-16
    AREA
    ("000"Ha.)
    PROD
    ("000"MT)
    YIELD
    (Kg/Ha.)
    Paddy 2024 5320 2628
    Wheat 5911 18410 3115
    Soyabean 5906 4448 753
    Jowar 205 400 1951
    Bajra 267 618 2315
    Maize 1098 3140 2860
    Tur 579 640 1105
    Urad 932 515 553
    Moong 193 53 275
    Groundnut 236 266 1127
    Gram 3017 3364 1115
    Lentil 546 615 1126
    Sugarcane 103 5281 51272
    Cotton 563 716 1271

    Agro-Climatic Regions and Crop Zones in M.P.

    Sr. CROP/ZONES AGRO-CLIMATIC REGIONS SOIL TYPE RAINFALL (Range in m.m.) DISTRICTS COVERED DETAILS OF PARTLY COVERED DISTRICTS
    1. Rice zone Chattisgarh plains Red & Yellow(Medium) 1200 to 1600 Balaghat.
    2. -do- Northern Hill Regionof Chhattisgarh Red & Yellow Medium black & skeltal(Medium/light) 1200 to 1600 Shahdol,Mandla,Dindori,Anuppur, Sidhi(Partly), Umaria. Sidhi :-Singroli Tehsil(Bedhan)
    3. Wheat Rice Zone Kymore Plateau & Satpura Hills Mixed red and black soils(Medium) 1000 to 1400 Rewa,Satna,Panna,Jabalpur,Seoni, Katni, Sidhi (except Singroli tehsil ).
    4. Wheat zone Central Narmada Valley Deep black (deep) 1200 to 1600 Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad Sehore(Partly),Raisen(Partly). Sehore :-Budni Tehsil.
    Raisen :-Bareli Tehsil.
    5. -do- Vindhya Plateau deep black(Medium/Heavy) 1200 to 1400 Raisen(except Bareli Teh.),Sehore(except Budni Teh.),Guna(Partly). Guna :-Chanchoda,Raghogarh & Aron Tehsils.
    6. Wheat-Jowar Gird Region Alluvial (Light) 800 to 1000 Gwalior,Bhind,Morena, Sheopur-Kala,Shivpuri,(except Pichore,Karera,Narwar, Khania- dana Teh.),Guna(except Aron,Raghogarh,Chachoda Tehsil) Ashoknagar .
    7. Wheat-Jowar Bundelkhand Mixed red and black(Medium) 800 to 1400 Chhattarpur,Datia,Tikamgarh, & Shivpuri(Partly) Shivpuri :-Karera,Pichhore,Narwar & Khaniadhana Tehsils.
    8. -do- Satpura Plateau Shallow black (Medium) 1000 to 1200 Betul & Chhindwara
    9. Cotton Jowar Malwa Plateau Medium black (Medium) 800 to 1200 Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam, Ujjain,Dewas,Indore,Shajapur, Rajgarh & Dhar (Partly) Jhabua(Partly) Dhar :-Dhar,Badnawar & Sardarpur Tehsils. Jhabua :-Petlawad Tehsil.
    10. -do- Nimar Plains Medium black (Medium) 800 to 1000 Khandwa, Burhanpur, Khargone, Barwani ,Harda ,Dhar (Partly) District. Dhar :-Manawar,Dharampuri & Gandhawani Tehsil.
    11. -do- Jhabua Hills Medium blackskeletal (Light/Medium) 800 to1000 Jhabua District.(except Petlawad Tehsil) & Dhar (Partly) . Dhar :- Only Kukshi Tehsil.

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